1944 Vaso Cubrilovic: The Minority Problem in the New Yugoslavia: Memorandum

“The Minority Problem in the New Yugoslavia,” is a second memorandum on the Albanians (and other minorities) written by the noted Bosnian Serb scholar and political figure Vaso Cubrilovic (1897-1990). As a More »

1944 Bedri Pejani: Letter to Heinrich Himmler

The Kosovo Albanian political figure Bedri bey Pejani (1885-1946) was born in Peja. He attended Robert College in Constantinople and studied history at the University of Constantinople. Pejani took part in the More »

1937 Vaso Cubrilovic: The Expulsion of the Albanians – Memorandum

“The Expulsion of the Albanians,” is a memorandum prepared and written by the noted Bosnian Serb scholar and political figure Vaso Cubrilovic (1897-1990). As a student in 1914, Cubrilovic had participated in More »

sanjak_of_novibazar

Albanian Toponyms in Sandzak and Bosnia(Opinion)

When talking or debating with a Serb, the first thing he says for Sandzak, is that this place is called Raska and not Sandzak.  Serbs say that the word  Sandzak derives from More »

Aćif Hadžiahmetović and the Persistence of History: Rehabilitation and the Search for National Heroes

The ongoing debate over the rehabilitation of controversial Yugoslav World War II figures continues this year, this time in Kosovo. Earlier this month, a Kosovo-based NGO submitted a request to the President of More »

1944 Vaso Cubrilovic: The Minority Problem in the New Yugoslavia: Memorandum

“The Minority Problem in the New Yugoslavia,” is a second memorandum on the Albanians (and other minorities) written by the noted Bosnian Serb scholar and political figure Vaso Cubrilovic (1897-1990). As a student in 1914, Cubrilovic had participated in the assassination in Sarajevo of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary, the event which precipitated the First World War. Between the two wars, he was professor at the Faculty of Arts in Belgrade. A leading member of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Art, Cubrilovic also held several ministerial portfolios after World War II. Among his writings is the monograph “Istorija politicke misle u Srbiji XIX veka,” Belgrade 1958 (History of political thought in Serbia in the 19th century).

 

1944 Bedri Pejani: Letter to Heinrich Himmler

The Kosovo Albanian political figure Bedri bey Pejani (1885-1946) was born in Peja. He attended Robert College in Constantinople and studied history at the University of Constantinople. Pejani took part in the declaration of Albanian independence in Vlora in November 1912, being then elected to the senate. He was one of the instigators of the Kosovo Defence Committee (1918-1924) and represented Kosovo at the Conference of Versailles in 1919. From 1921 to 1923, he was a member of the Albanian parliament and head of the People’s Party. He fled Albania in late 1924 when Ahmet Zogu took power, and joined the left-wing forces of the National Revolutionary Committee, Konare (“Komiteti Nacional Revolucionar”) abroad until 1927. Pejani later founded the Committee for the Liberation of Kosovo (“Komiteti i Çlirimit të Kosovës, KÇK”) and was sentenced to death in absentia by the Zogu government. In 1941-1943, he was interned by the Italians but was released after Italy’s capitulation, and returned to the Balkans. Assisted by the German emissary Franz von Schweiger, Bedri Pejani and Xhafer Deva set up the Second League of Prizren aimed at protecting Greater Albania, which was now in jeopardy. In Kosovo in 1944, Pejani and the Second League of Prizren, which he headed from January to June of that year, were responsible in good part for the ethnic cleansing of some 40,000 Serbs from Kosovo by April of that year. Hermann Neubacher, German special representative for southeastern Europe, referred to him as mad or crazed, and used his own influence, unsuccessfully, to have Pejani arrested by the regency government in Tirana. Pejani was captured by the communists in Albania in 1945, handed over to the Yugoslav authorities, and sentenced to death. He was, however, released, but died soon thereafter at Prizren hospital in July 1946. In this document, Bedri Pejani appeals to Reichsführer SS, Heinrich Himmler, for support to set up an Albanian army to fight the advancing communist partisans. Nothing came of the project.

 

1937 Vaso Cubrilovic: The Expulsion of the Albanians – Memorandum

“The Expulsion of the Albanians,” is a memorandum prepared and written by the noted Bosnian Serb scholar and political figure Vaso Cubrilovic (1897-1990). As a student in 1914, Cubrilovic had participated in the assassination in Sarajevo of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary, the event which precipitated the First World War. Between the two wars, he was professor at the Faculty of Arts in Belgrade. A leading member of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Art, Cubrilovic also held several ministerial portfolios after World War II. Among his writings is the monograph “Istorija politicke misle u Srbiji XIX veka,” Belgrade 1958 (History of political thought in Serbia in the 19th century).

 

Albanian Toponyms in Sandzak and Bosnia(Opinion)

sanjak_of_novibazar

When talking or debating with a Serb, the first thing he says for Sandzak, is that this place is called Raska and not Sandzak.  Serbs say that the word  Sandzak derives from Turkish. Right. “Sandzak” is a Turkish word, as well as 8742 other Turkish words that are adopted by Serbian language, such as: Sat, soap, pare (money), rakija, delija, çekiç (hammer), makaze (snips), jorgan (quilt), jastuk (cushion), hajduk etc. “Sandzak”  in Turkish means flag or banner high (alb: bajrak).

Aćif Hadžiahmetović and the Persistence of History: Rehabilitation and the Search for National Heroes

The ongoing debate over the rehabilitation of controversial Yugoslav World War II figures continues this year, this time in Kosovo. Earlier this month, a Kosovo-based NGO submitted a request to the President of Kosovo to recognize wartime Mayor of Novi Pazar Aćif Hadžiahmetović as a national hero.


 

The Albanian Oral Tradition in Kosova

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Before the war of liberation (1997–99) Kosova was part of the former Yugoslavia. Now it borders Serbia in the north and northeast, Montenegro in the northwest, Albania in the west and the former republic of Macedonia in the south. It covers more than 10 000 (10 887) square kilometres and its population is around two million, 90 per cent of which are ethnic Albanians.

The Kosovo Vilayet

sanjak_of_novibazar

 

In 1877, Ottoman Turkey created the Vilayet or province of Kosovo, or “Kossovo”, in European Turkey or Turkey in Europe, which consisted of the sandzak or district of Skopje, or Uskub, in Macedonia, and the sandzaks of Prizren in Kosovo and Novi Pazar in the Sandzak or Rashka region of Serbia. The Kosovo vilayet was a product of the 1864 Ottoman Turkish law that reorganized the standard provincial administration throughout the Ottoman empire. The eyalets, the Turkish provinces, were restructured as smaller vilayets under a governor or a vali. The valis were appointed by the Turkish government. New provincial assemblies, however, were allowed to participate in the administration. The vilayets were subdivided into sandzaks or districts headed by a bey or beg.

Aćif Hadžiahmetović and the Persistence of History: Rehabilitation and the Search for National Heroes

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The ongoing debate over the rehabilitation of controversial Yugoslav World War II figures continues this year, this time in Kosovo. Earlier this month, a Kosovo-based NGO submitted a request to the President of Kosovo to recognize wartime Mayor of Novi Pazar Aćif Hadžiahmetović as a national hero.


 

The First Film Footage of Albanians

Shqiptaret e N Pazarit

 

Albanians in Novi Pazar | 1904

Albanian Toponyms in Sandzak and Bosnia(Opinion)

When talking or debating with a Serb, the first thing he says for Sandzak, is that this place is called Raska and not Sandzak.  Serbs say that the word  Sandzak derives from Turkish. Right. “Sandzak” is a Turkish word, as well as 8742 other Turkish words that are adopted by Serbian language, such as: Sat, soap, pare (money), rakija, delija, çekiç (hammer), makaze (snips), jorgan (quilt), jastuk (cushion), hajduk etc. “Sandzak”  in Turkish means flag or banner high (alb: bajrak).