Daily Archives: 25 December, 2016

The History of Kosovo in the history textbooks of Kosovo, Albania, Serbia, Montenegro and Macedonia

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This analysis considers the representation of the history of Kosovo – from ancient times to today – in the textbooks of the primary schools and high schools of Kosovo, Albania, Serbia, Montenegro and Macedonia. The textbooks used to compile this report are those of the publishing houses Libri Shkollor (Prishtina), Albas (Tirana), Zavod za Udžbenike (Belgrade), the Unit for textbooks and learning materials (Podgorica) and Prosvetno Dello and Tabernakul (Skopje).

Cross-Cultural Ethnobiology in the Western Balkans: Medical Ethnobotany and Ethnozoology Among Albanians and Serbs in the Pešter Plateau, Sandžak, South-Western Serbia

Abstract An ethnobiological study concerning the medical ethnobotany and ethnozoology of two neighbouring com- munities of Serbians and Albanians living in the Pešter plateau (south-western Serbia) was conducted, the latter representing a diasporic community that immigrated to the area approximately three centuries ago. Sixty-two botanical taxa used in 129 plant-based remedies and 204 folk plant uses were recorded. In addition, 31 animal-derived reme- dies and 27 mineral or non-indigenous products were also documented. Approximately half of the recorded phytother- epeutical uses have been recorded for the first time in the ethnobotany of the Western Balkans and more than one- third of these uses have no correlation with Western evidence-based phytotherapy. Moreover, while both com- munities use approximately the same number of medicinal plants, two-thirds of the botanical taxa, but only one-third of plant folk medical uses are found in common among the two communities. These findings demonstrate that the two communities, although having lived in close proximity to each other during the past three centuries and in a relatively low biodiverse environment, have maintained or developed unique phytotherapeutical trajectories. The differences between the two folk medical biologies of these commu- nities are reflective of the specific history of the Albanian diaspora, and of the complex processes of its cultural adaptation over the last three centuries.